Japanese Term


Type of Term

Chudan Soto Uke Outside middle block Blocks
Chudan Uchi Uke Inside middle block Blocks
Chudan Uke Middle block Blocks
Gedan Uke Low block Blocks
Harai (-Barai) Parry or block (Barai when used with a prefix) Blocks
Jodan Uke High block Blocks
Juji Uke X block Blocks
Kake Uke Hooking block Blocks
Morote Uke Augmented forearm block or double block Blocks
Tettui Uke Hammer fist block Blocks
Kansetsu Joint, as in knee joint or elbow joint. Body Part
Ashi Foot or leg Body Parts
Empi Elbow Body Parts
Hara Stomach or belly Body Parts
Hiza Knee Body Parts
Te Hand Body Parts
Arigato Thank you Commands
Arigato Gozaimashita Thank you very much Commands
Hai Yes Commands
Hajime Command meaning to begin. Commands
Iie No Commands
Mata Switch Commands
Rei Bow Commands
Sayonara Goodbye Commands
Yame Stop immediately Commands
Yasume Relax Commands
Yoi Ready Commands
Hidari Left Direction
Migi Right (as in side) Direction
Yoko Side Direction
Fumikomi Geri Stomping kick Kicks
Otoshi/Ono Geri Axe or heel kick Kicks
Kake Geri Hook kick Kicks
Keage Snap kick Kicks
Keri (-Geri) Kick (Geri when used with a prefix) Kicks
Keri Waza Kicking technique Kicks
Mae Geri Front kick Kicks
Mae Kekomi Geri Front thrust kick Kicks
Mae Tobi Geri Jump front kick Kicks
Mawashi Geri Round house kick Kicks
Mawashi Tobi Geri Jump round house kick Kicks
Mikazuki Geri Crescent kick Kicks
Ushiro Geri Back kick Kicks
Ushiro Kekomi Geri Back thrust kick Kicks
Ushiro Tobi Geri Jump spinning back kick Kicks
Yoko Geri Side kick Kicks
Yoko Kekomi Geri Side thrust kick Kicks
Yoko Tobi Geri Jump side kick Kicks
Bunkai Application of form, study of martial arts techniques Miscellaneous
Bushi Samurai or warrior Miscellaneous
Bushido Way of the warrior or warrior way Miscellaneous
Chikara Strength or power Miscellaneous
Dojo ‘Way place, school, or place of enlightenment Miscellaneous
Gi Traditional Karate uniform first used in Judo Miscellaneous
Gyaku Te Reverse hand Miscellaneous
Ippon One point Miscellaneous
Kake Hook.  Also the final movement or executions of a throw. Miscellaneous
Karate Empty hand Miscellaneous
Karate-do Empty hand way Miscellaneous
Karate-ka A practitioner of Karate Miscellaneous
Kata Prearranged self-defense movements in a set pattern, a form Miscellaneous
Ki Japanese word for energy often used to describe the intrinsic life-force energy that many believe animates the body and can be directed and extended through mental focus. Miscellaneous
Kime Focus Miscellaneous
Kumite Sparring or fighting Miscellaneous
Kuzushi Balance Miscellaneous
Kyoshu Jitsu Striking vital points or pressure point techniques Miscellaneous
Maai Distance between you and your opponent Miscellaneous
Makiwara Striking post Miscellaneous
Obi Belt Miscellaneous
Ryu Style, as in a particular style of an art Miscellaneous
Seiza Formal sitting position with lower legs folded under you Miscellaneous
Tori Attacker Miscellaneous
Uke Defender or blocking Miscellaneous
Zanshin A moment of silence before or after a perfectly executed technique. Miscellaneous
Dan Black belt grade Rank
Deshi Student Rank
Godan A fifth degree black belt Rank
Hanshi Eighth dan or above, master of style Rank
Sempai Senior Student Rank
Sensei (Lit. One who has gone before) Teacher Rank
Shihan One who points the way, Master level instructor, Instructor of instructors Rank
Yudansha Black belt holder, of dan rank Rank
Hachiji Dachi Relaxed Stance Stances
Heisoku Dachi Attention stance, feet together stance Stances
Kiba Dachi Horse stance Stances
Ko Neko Dachi Long cat stance Stances
Kokutsu Dachi Back stance Stances
Kosa Dachi Crossed leg stance Stances
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat leg stance Stances
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass stance with toes pointed inward Stances
Tachi (-Dachi) Stance Stances
Zenkutsu Dachi Lunge or forward stance Stances
Age Zuki Rising punch Strikes
Atemi Waza Striking technique, or attacking vital areas Strikes
Chudan Zuki Middle punch Strikes
Empi Uchi Elbow Strike Strikes
Gedan Zuki Low punch Strikes
Gyaku Zuki Reverse punch Strikes
Haito Ridge hand.  A open hand strike using the index finger side of the hand.  Opposite striking surface to a Shuto. Strikes
Nukite Four finger strike or spear hand Strikes
Oi Zuki Front Punch Strikes
Tesho Palm heel strike Strikes
Shuto Knife Hand Strikes
Tettui Zuki Hammer fist strike Strikes
Uraken Back fist Strikes
Ashi Sabaki Foot work Technique
Embussen The floor pattern of a Kata Technique
Hadaka Jime Naked choke Technique
Ippon Kumite Kata One point fighting form Technique
Juji Gatame A cross arm bar on the ground. Technique
Kesa-Gatame Position from Judo. Means “scarf hold.” You are sitting in side position putting pressure on opponent’s chest while one arm secures his head, and your other secures his near arm. Technique
Kiai Shout to focus energy, develop spirit and disorient opponent Technique
Kihon Basic Technique
Kotegaeshi Bending the forearm away from the body through control of the wrist Technique
Ne Waza Ground work, or ground technique Technique
Osaekomi Hold down Technique
Shime (-Jime) Choking (Jime when used with a prefix) Technique
Taisabaki Body movement or shifting, stepping and dodging Technique
Waza Technique Technique
Ashi Barai Foot sweep Throws & Takedowns
Nage The thrower in a throwing technique Throws & Takedowns
Nage Waze Throwing techniques Throws & Takedowns
O-Goshi Major hip throw Throws & Takedowns
O-Soto-Gari Major outer reap Throws & Takedowns
Otoshi Drop or throw down Throws & Takedowns
Seoi-Nage Shoulder throw Throws & Takedowns
Tai-Otoshi Body drop throw.  Tori drops in order to throw Uke. Throws & Takedowns
Ukemi Falling technique Throws & Takedowns